Une réplique célèbre de Punch est :
"That's the way to do it!" (C'est comme ça qu'il faut faire !)
Puppet theaters have been established in the Americas;
old epic dramas, often based on the Chanson de Roland
and other medieval and modern pieces, have drawn crowded houses.
The Greeks of the 5th cent. b.c. were familiar with it;
in Java, China, and Japan it is almost immemorial; in the Europe
of the Middle Ages it was the most popular form of
entertainment for the masses; and it is a constituent in many folk
From the end of the 16th cent. to the end of the 18th,
puppet or marionette shows, sometimes called motions,
reached the summit of their vogue on the Continent
and in England. During Puritan times in England they
flourished after the theaters were prohibited.
On the Continent great writers such as Goethe and major composers
including Mozart and Haydn wrote for them.
Avant-garde theater, such as Alfred Jarry's Ubu Roi (1896),
used puppets in reaction against naturalistic conventions;
Manuel de Falla composed a puppet opera,
El Retablo de Maese Pedro (1926).
In 18th-century Japan the most celebrated dramatists wrote
plays for the bunraku,
or puppet theater. Nonetheless, puppets have primarily
been used in popular entertainment.
Puppets have enjoyed something of a renaissance in
late 20th-century America.
For instance, during the 1950s in the United States,
Burr Tilstrom's hand-puppet show Kukla, Fran, and Ollie
was a popular television series. In the 1960s,
Jim Henson created a group of madcap educational
and entertaining puppets,
known as Muppets, that appeared in the television
series Sesame Street and their own feature films.
During the Vietnam War and after,
the Bread and Puppet Theatre
utilized larger-than-life puppets in their
political theater pieces.
At the end of the 20th cent. and the beginning
of the 21st a new generation of creative puppeteers,
including Roman Paska,
Julie Taymor, and Basil Twist, were producing
a variety of innovative new works and updated classics.
The art of ventriloquism (making the voice appear to come
from a source other than the speaker) has also been
associated with the puppet. The manipulator, in full view,
converses with the "dummy," a large doll usually held
in the lap of the manipulator.
The dummy's words appear to issue from its own mouth.
Skillful ventriloquists are able to speak the doll's
words without moving their lips and to "throw" their
voices so that their dummies appears to speak.
See S. Bemegal, Puppet Theatre around the World (1961);
P. Fraser, Puppets and Puppetry (1972); G. Woods,
Jim Henson (1987); G. Speaight,
The History of the Puppet Theatre (2d ed.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition Copyright© 2004,
Columbia University Press. Licensed from Lernout &
Hauspie Speech Products N.V. All rights reserved.
Puppet Books from Ray DaSilva - http://www.puppetbooks.co.uk/
Books on puppet theory, history, construction methods, performing techniques.
Purves - http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/33/barrypurves.html
Article from Bright Lights Film Journal discusses the major works of the British puppet
Harlequin Puppet Theatre - http://www.puppets.inuk.com/
Details and pictures of productions and puppets, and information for research into the British
marionette tradition from the Colwyn Bay based venue.
Punch and Judy - http://www.punchandjudy.com/
Information, history, FAQs, How to book and where to see Punch and Judy shows, gallery and contact
Page - http://www.spyrock.com/nadafarm/html/punchpage.html
Cornucopia of Punch history. Photographs, articles, how to make a swazzle and sound
The British Puppet and Model Theatre
Guild - http://www.puppetguild.org.uk/
Profile, events, membership information, history and links.
Pelham Puppets Online - http://www.ppo.co.uk/
Dedicated to puppets made by the Pelham Company from 1947 to 1992. History, care, range and
The Punch and Judy
Fellowship - http://www.punchandjudy.com/pjf/
Constitution, media information, membership application and news.
Biggar Puppet Theatre and the Purves
Puppets - http://www.purvespuppets.com/
Scotland's only permanent puppet theatre. Information on puppet shows, workshops, children's parties,
Christmas shows, teacher inservice and touring company.
The Puppeteers' Company - http://www.puppco.demon.co.uk
Touring company. Performance details, puppets and workshop video.
The Presto Puppet Theatre - http://www.prestopuppets.co.uk/
Touring company using a variety of styles: contact information, productions, profile and
Just Puppets - http://www.justpuppets.co.uk/
Professional puppet shows from Paul Garofalo, Cambridgeshire. Shows, prices, bouncers and
The Puppet Lab - http://www.puppet-lab.com/
Information and contact details for Edinburgh based puppet makers Symon Macintyre and Kim Bergsagel:
tours, education projects and mailing list.
Dandelion Puppets - http://www.dandelionpuppets.co.uk/
Puppet shows, childrens entertainment, wildlife shows. See and learn shows with an educational bias.
Hands Up for God Creative
Ministry - http://www.dldoyle.freeserve.co.uk/
Team in Leicestershire who arrange puppet events and workshops for churches. Information about their
activities, books, scripts, puppets and how to book.
Flying Pig Parties - http://www.flyingpigparties.co.uk/
Two person touring theatre company specialising in people and puppet shows for schools, parties and
events in the South of England.
The Puppet Work-Shop - http://www.thepuppetworkshop.co.uk
Traditional papier-mache puppets, marionettes and puppet-theatres made to order plus puppet making
workshops in the South of England.
Kallini Puppets - http://www.kallinipuppets.co.uk/
Puppet workshop, which operates throughout the UK. Photos and descriptions of the players. On line
booking form or contact by phone.
Storybox Theatre - http://www.storyboxtheatre.co.uk
Touring theatre company that produces puppet shows for both children and adults. Background,
productions, schools service and appearances at international festivals.
Theatre - http://www.puppetguild.org.uk/alanfirminger/bobover2.htm
A design for children to use with glove puppets. Full instructions and
|Ted and Kath
Beresford - http://www.beresfordspuppets.co.uk/
Performers who also run workshops, masterclasses and puppetry weekends. Also offers puppets for
|Walk the Talk Christian Puppet
Ministry - http://www.walkthetalk.org.uk/
Puppet ministry team specialising in communicating the gospel to the under 13 age group. Details of
beliefs, puppets and animations. Based in Staffordshire.